Everything you need to know about Google Cloud SQL

Bhawana Sharma


A number of its services, including Gmail, Google Suite, Youtube, and others, run on the same infrastructure that the Google Cloud Platform uses to provide scalable cloud computing services. However, Google Cloud SQL is a fully-managed database service that can be used to create and manage relational databases on the GCP.

Simply put,

In addition to cloud application development, Google Cloud SQL offers the convenience of transferring existing databases between MySQL, SQL Server, or PostgreSQL BETA.

Cloud SQL user ratings are illustrated below based on the G2 review:


You can learn more about how Google Cloud SQL works and benefit from it with this guide.

The In-Depth Analyse of Google Cloud SQL

The Google Cloud Platform comes with fully managed MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQL Server databases.

To better understand Google Cloud SQL, let’s break it down into smaller pieces.

1. Integrated management

Typically, a fully-managed setup involves paying fees to the provider in order to access the database infrastructure. Managing the databases (migration, backup and recovery, patching) is the provider’s responsibility. As the business scales its applications, it can focus on productivity and collaboration.

2. Databases with relationships

In relational databases, rows and tables represent interrelated data items in rows and tables.

Relational databases have the following characteristics:

  • In relational databases, SQL is the primary interface for adding, updating, deleting, and extracting data or subsets of data as needed.
  • Keeping data accurate, consistent, and complete is one of the most important features of relational databases.

Using Google Cloud SQL, you can access three relational databases

With Google Cloud SQL, you can choose from three relational database engines:

1. A relational database

Developed by Oracle

The platform works as a fully-managed, open-source relational database management system for building and deploying cloud-based apps.

Every managed database includes up to 416 GB of RAM and 30 TB of storage, with Cloud SQL supporting MySQL 8.0, 5.7, and 5.6. – InfoQ

2. MySQL

PostgreSQL Global Development Group provides this functionality

In addition to being a free, open-source, enterprise-class relational database management system (RDBMS), PostgreSQL is also designed to handle web services that support many users at the same time.


Microsoft provides this service

An application running on the same system or distributed over a network can access and extract data using SQL Server, which is a relational database management system.


Using Google Cloud SQL has many benefits

Some of the advantages of Google Cloud SQL include:

1. The cost of maintenance is reduced

Full-managed solutions give you the freedom to focus on improving your cloud applications, which gives you a competitive edge.

2. Continuity of operations

With Cloud SQL, you can easily recover your application data in the event of any disaster and continue working normally.

3. Maintains compliance and security

SSAE 16, ISO 27001, PCI DSS, and HIPAA compliant are Google’s security standards for Cloud SQL, which offers data encryption and firewall protection.

4. Setup is easy

Using Google’s SQL service for the first time is hassle-free with the standard connection drivers and migration tools.

5. Task automation

It’s all possible with Cloud SQL, whether it’s managing storage, backups, redundancy, performing updates, managing capacity, or providing data access on the go.

6. Integrate easily

BigQuery can be used to make SQL queries to the databases if you are using Kubernetes Engine, App Engine, or Compute Engine. There is also an option for building analytics through BigQuery.


Getting started with Google Cloud Instances?

Google Cloud SQL can be accessed using the following methods:

1. An application script for Google Apps

This class implements the special method getCloudSqlConnection to connect Apps Script to Google Cloud relational databases.

2. A client for MySQL

After installing MySQL, requesting an IP address, and authorizing your network, you can connect to MySQL Client, or use MySQL Client with SSL. Once installed and authorized, you can connect to MySQL Client.

It is possible to add users, check instance uptime and other status variables, and see how many threads and connections are active with different MySQL client programs and standard SQL commands.

3. Developing Python applications with App Engine

Google Cloud SQL instances can be created by following these steps:

  • The Google Cloud App Developers console can be accessed by signing in
  • Start a new or existing project
  • To access Cloud SQL’s control panel, select the project in the Google cloud console
  • To add an instance to the project, click on ‘new instance’. You can later customize replication, billing, and size options.

4. SQL Workbench for MySQL or Toad for MySQL

The visual-based tools enable you to manage multiple databases at the same time while managing your Google cloud database.

5. Developers of Java applications using App Engine

The Java SDK for Google App Engine can be used to access Google Cloud SQL instances in the following ways:

  • Create an instance of Cloud SQL
  • Build a starter app and database
  • During the development of your cloud app, you can connect to your database using a local MySQL instance
  • When using Cloud SQL persistence APIs, adhere to the size and access limits

6. MySQL Database Drivers Used by External Apps

In apps that don’t run on Google App Engine, you can connect to Google Cloud SQL using the MySQL protocol. Regardless of how you connect, you must specify the IP range from which you intend to connect.

What management method do you use for Cloud SQL?

There are several steps involved in managing Cloud SQL instances:

1. Instance creation

You can modify or accept the default values for all other settings when creating a Google Cloud SQL instance, with the exception of the instance name.

2. A step-by-step guide to editing instances

Instance settings can be edited at any time after the instance has been created. Except for the instance size, changes are applied immediately.

In order to change the size of an instance, Google Cloud SQL starts and stops the instance automatically, so apps cannot connect to it during that time. It is usually not an issue for apps that are built to handle temporary interruptions to database connectivity.

3. Instance restart

When all connections to an instance have been drained, Google Cloud SQL stops the instance and restarts it only when a fresh connection request is received. However, restarting an instance is seldom required.

4. Instance deletion

Instance data is permanently lost when deleted, so it is best to delete an instance after a scheduled backup or export.

5. Instance SSL configuration

The Google Developers Console provides access to key files and certificates needed to secure connections to Google Cloud SQL instances. Once the instance is created, you can enable SSL connectivity.

6. Members of a project can be added

Adding editors and project owners will require you to use the Google Cloud SDK or the Google Developers Console.

The project rights for each instance associated with each project are the same regardless of the machine from which you establish a connection using Google Cloud SDK.

Do you have any questions about Google Cloud SQL Instances?

A Google Cloud SQL instance can be used by following these steps:

1. You will need to install the MySQL client

You can connect to an instance once you have installed Google Cloud MySQL, requested an IP address, and authorized your network.

2. The MySQL client is required to connect

You should now be able to run SQL commands at the MySQL prompt. Ensure that you have a secure connection using the /s command at the MySQL prompt.

3. Access MySQL through other client programs

No matter which MySQL client you use, you simply need to submit an IP address, a password, and a user name for your Cloud SQL instance, as you would for MySQL.

4. Commands that are commonly used in SQL

It is possible to check user status variables using any reporting and admin tool that is compatible with MySQL and the MySQL client. You can run some basic SQL commands if you use any reporting and admin tool that is compatible with MySQL.

In what ways does Cloud SQL apply to Application Programmatic Interfaces (API)

Using the Google Cloud SQL API, it is possible to programmatically manage your instances. The API allows you to perform the following tasks:

  • Information gathering
  • An instance’s SSL certificates
  • A list of project instances
  • Service levels available
  • Analyzing instances of the phenomenon
  • Obtaining backup run information
  • Instance management
  • Create and delete SSL certificates
  • Instance creation and deletion
  • Google Cloud storage exports and imports databases
  • Using backups to restore instances
  • Instances being restarted
  • A Google Cloud SQL API request must be authorized by an authenticated user.

The advantages and disadvantages of Google Cloud SQL

Google Cloud SQL offers the following advantages:

  • A simple and user-friendly way to create
  • Data encryption is enabled automatically
  • Provides easy access to APIs that are well-designed
  • Location-based replication of data
  • Backing up automatically every day
  • When a Google Cloud SQL instance fails, an application can be automatically moved to a standby instance.

Google Cloud SQL has the following disadvantages:

  • Database vendors with limited availability
  • Scaling operations increases the performance of Google Cloud SQL
  • IP address customization is not possible for instances
  • Latency is absent
  • AWS promptness is faster than common promptness

Final thoughts

You can create databases with MySql, PostgreSQL, and MySql using Google Cloud SQL. It supports building, managing, and securing your cloud-based applications.

Cloud services have their ups and downs, but are generally available 24/7 anywhere in the world.

As we discussed in this article, Google Cloud SQL is a service that can be connected to, managed, and used with APIs to enhance the service.

All it comes down to is how you can effectively manage your Google Cloud application data while keeping it secure.

Frequently Asked Questions

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Bhawana Sharma
Article written by

Bhawana Sharma

With nearly a decade of valuable management experience under my belt and a year's immersion in the role of a Business Analyst, my professional journey has truly found its home at Revinfotech. The dynamic and diverse projects, coupled with a collabora... read more

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